Various - le monde du raï / the world of raï


Her 30-year career began in 1956 and ended with her last album in 1986, half year before her death, while continuing to hold concerts until her last days. Her suicide led to an iconic image as a tragic diva and renowned singer. She received more than 90 gold records and was the first singer to receive platinum and diamond discs [3] . She has sold 110 million albums and singles worldwide [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] .

Algeria is a regional and middle power . The North African country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. According to OPEC Algeria has the 16th largest oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa , while it has the 9th largest reserves of natural gas . Sonatrach , the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget on the continent; most of Algeria's weapons are imported from Russia , with whom they are a close ally. [12] [13] Algeria is a member of the African Union , the Arab League , OPEC , the United Nations and is a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union .

In the years just following World War I, the Algerian city of Oran—known as “little Paris”—was a melting pot of various cultures, full of nightclubs and cabarets; it was the place to go for a bawdy good time. Out of this milieu arose a group of male and female Muslim singers called chioukhs and cheikhates, who rejected the refined, classical poetry of traditional Algerian music. Instead, to the accompaniment of pottery drums and end-blown flutes, they sang about the adversity of urban life in a raw, gritty, sometimes vulgar, and inevitably controversial language that appealed especially to the socially and economically disadvantaged. The cheikhates further departed from tradition in that they performed not only for women but also and especially for men.




pa.ecukes.info



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